sk sk

Loan-to-value (LTV) ratio

Zabezpečenie úveru je dôležité nIt is important that loans are secured, especially in case of default. If the value of the property against which the loan is secured is not enough to pay off the debt, the borrower is exposed to foreclosure. The bank then also incurs increased losses.

At the same time, the limit on the loan-to-value ratio – i.e. the ratio of a loan to the value of the property against which it is secured – supports sound developments in the real estate market. Decisions to buy a home tend to be more responsible if they are at least partly financed out of savings.

Financial stability, Loan-to-value (LTV) ratio
Limit

The loan amount may not exceed 80% of the value of the property against which it is secured.

Exemption

  • For up to 20% of new loans, the LTV ratio may be up to 90%
  • Further details about the exemption
    • The periods over which compliance with the exemption is checked are the first and second halves of the year. In a given quarter, the exemption may amount to up to 22% of loans
Calculation

Financial stability, Loan-to-value (LTV) ratio

DebtNew loan
Existing loans secured by the same real estate
Value of the collateralValue of the property pledged as collateral
(whichever of the following is lowest: the purchase price; the valuation by an external appraiser; the lender’s internal valuation)
  • Illustrative calculation

    A married couple with two children wants to buy a residential property priced at €150,000.

    Own savings (20% × value of the property)€30,000
    Loan (80% × value of the property)120,000

    The maximum loan amount is €120,000.

    Financial stability, Loan-to-value (LTV) ratio
Legislation

The statutory framework comprises the Housing Loan Act and Consumer Credit Act.

In addition, Národná banka Slovenska has laid down detailed provisons on the LTV calculation and LTV limits in the Housing Loan Decree (in Slovak language only).

Further information can be found in financial stability legislation.

Financial stability, Loan-to-value (LTV) ratio