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Flora and fauna in Slovakia – the Eurasian lynx

€10 silver collector coin

Banknotes and coins, Flora and fauna in Slovakia – the Eurasian lynx
Banknotes and coins, Flora and fauna in Slovakia – the Eurasian lynx

‘The tiger of our forests’, ‘the phantom’: these are names that have been given to Slovakia’s largest wild cat, the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx). As an adult, the male weighs 24 kg on average and the female around 4 kg less. In the wild, the lynx can live for up to 17 years. The lynx’s particularly typical and unmistakeable features include tufts of hair on its ears, a black-spotted coat, and bobbed tail. It has excellent eyesight (as referenced in the second part of its Slovak name ‘rys ostrovid’) and superb hearing, but a less developed sense of smell. Generally living and hunting individually, the lynx is agile and can jump well and far. The lynx is in fact a very shy animal that never attacks humans. In the past, the lynx was hunted by the nobility for its valuable pelt and its claws were used in folk medicine. It used to be severely persecuted and was almost hunted out of the territory of what is now Slovakia, surviving until today only in small numbers in the central northern part and in the Eastern Carpathians. Since 1999 the lynx has had year-round protected status in Slovakia. As well as being a treasure of the country’s natural heritage, lynxes in Slovakia are also a source population for efforts to strengthen the species’ presence in other European countries.

  • Description of the coin

    Obverse:
    The obverse of this euro collector coin shows a lynx kitten on the left side and an adult lynx on the right side. Below the adult are the mint mark of the Kremnica Mint (Mincovňa Kremnica), consisting of the letters ‘MK’ placed between two dies, and the stylised letters ‘TL’, referring to the obverse designer Tomáš Lamač. The name of the issuing country ‘SLOVENSKO’ and the year of issuance ‘2022’ are inscribed along the upper left edge and part of the upper right edge. Below them is the Slovak coat of arms. The denomination and currency ‘5 EURO’ appear in the lower part of the design, above two lynx paw prints at the bottom edge.

    Reverse:
    On the reverse, filling the left and centre of the design, is a lynx’s head in profile. To the right of the image, on two lines, is the lynx’s scientific name ‘LYNX LYNX’, and below it are the stylised letters ‘LR’, referring to the designer of the reverse side Roman Lugár. Inscribed along the lower right edge is the lynx’s name in Slovak ‘RYS OSTROVID’.

  • Coin details
    Designer:Tomáš Lamač (obverse)
    Roman Lugár (reverse)
    Composition:brass MS63
    Weight:19.1 g
    Diameter:34 mm
    Edge:milled
    Producer:Kremnica Mint
    Engraver:Dalibor Schmidt
    Issuing volume:40,000 coins (initially and possibly more subsequently)
    Issuing date:23 August 2022